In Armenia registration of HIV cases started in 1988.
Males constitute a major part in the total number of HIV cases – 2411 cases (69%), females make up 1061 cases (31%). 3472 reported cases include 58 cases of HIV infection among children (1.7%).
About half (51%) of the HIV-infected individuals belong to the age group of 25-39 at the moment of the HIV diagnosis receipt.
In the Republic of Armenia the main modes of HIV transmission are through heterosexual practices (70%) and injecting drug use (20%). Additionally, there are also registered cases through homosexual practices, as well as mother-to-child HIV transmission and transmission through blood.
Allocation of HIV cases registered in the Republic of Armenia is as follows:
|Transmission through heterosexual practices||70%|
|Transmission through injecting drug usage||20%|
|Transmission through homosexual practices||4,4%|
|Transmission through blood||0,1%|
AIDS diagnosis was made to 1746 patients with HIV, of whom 445 are women and 33 are children. From the beginning of the epidemic 807 death cases have been registered among patients with HIV (including 155 women and 11 children).
Almost all the individuals infected via injecting drug use were men (99%) and almost all the women (97%) were infected through sexual contacts.
The maximum number of HIV cases was reported in Yerevan, the capital: 1075 cases, which constitute 31% of all the registered cases. Shirak marz follows next – 394 cases, which constitute 11.3% of all the registered cases. The estimation of HIV registered cases per 100 000 population shows the highest rate in Shirak marz – 162, followed by Lori, Gegharkunik and Armavir, with the rates of 152, 116.9, and 110.3 respectively.
The HIV/AIDS situation assessment shows that the estimated number of people living with HIV in the country is about 3500, whereof, as of December 2018, 76% (2589) knew their HIV status. Of those HIV-infected people who knew their HIV status, 72% (1871) received ART and 85% (1585) of those on ART had a suppressed viral load.
HIV prevalence among people aged 15-49 is 0.2%.
Statistical data is taken from the website of the National Center for AIDS Prevention of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia (NCAP)